Timeline - Chronology of United States

100, 2008
At the start of 2008, more than 2.3 million people were incarcerated, more than one in every 100 adults.

118, 2011, 2012
The proposed base Department of Defense budget for 2012, $553 billion, was a 4.2% increase over 2011; an additional $118 billion was proposed for the military campaigns in Iraq and Afghanistan.

124
Archaeological evidence seems to indicate a settlement as early as 124 AD.

635
S. trade deficit was $635 billion.

800, 1600
From approximately 800 to 1600 AD the Mississippian culture flourished, and its largest city Cahokia is considered the largest, most complex pre-Columbian archaeological site in the modern-day United States.

1492
After Spain sent Columbus on his first voyage to the New World in 1492, other explorers followed.

United States in years

United States in years

1493, 1513
The first Europeans to arrive in the territory of the modern United States were Spanish conquistadors such as Juan Ponce de León, who made his first visit to Florida in 1513; however, if unincorporated territories are accounted for, then credit would go to Christopher Columbus who landed in Puerto Rico on his 1493 voyage.

1500, 1599
European colonization began in the 16th century.

1507
In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci (Latin: Americus Vespucius).

1607, 1620
Successful English settlement on the eastern coast of North America began with the Virginia Colony in 1607 at Jamestown and the Pilgrims' Plymouth Colony in 1620.

May 1619
The continent's first elected legislative assembly, Virginia's House of Burgesses created in 1619, the Mayflower Compact, signed by the Pilgrims before disembarking, and the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut, established precedents for the pattern of representative self-government and constitutionalism that would develop throughout the American colonies.

United States in decades

United States in decades

1700, 1799
S. of A." and, internationally, the "States". "Columbia", a name popular in poetry and songs of the late 18th century, derives its origin from Christopher Columbus; it appears in the name "District of Columbia".

1700, 1799
But by the turn of the 18th century, African slaves were replacing indentured servants for cash crop labor, especially in southern regions.

1730, 1739, 1740, 1749
The Christian revivalist movement of the 1730s and 1740s known as the Great Awakening fueled interest in both religion and religious liberty.

1732
With the British colonization of Georgia in 1732, the 13 colonies that would become the United States of America were established.

1770
Excluding the Native Americans, who were being conquered and displaced, the 13 British colonies had a Population of over 2.1 million in 1770, about one-third that of Britain.

United States in centuries

United States in centuries

1770, 1779
Despite continuing new arrivals, the rate of natural increase was such that by the 1770s only a small minority of Americans had been born overseas.

1774
In 1774, the Spanish Navy ship Santiago, under Juan Pérez, entered and anchored in an inlet of Nootka Sound, Vancouver Island, in present-day British Columbia.

1775, 1776
Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, and the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776.

1776, 1865
=== Independence and expansion (1776–1865) ===

2 January 1776
The first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq., George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army. Col.

Amerigo Vespucci - Project Gutenberg etext 19997

Reproduced from WIKI

Amerigo Vespucci - Project Gutenberg etext 19997

6 April 1776
The first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776.

17 June 1776
The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the 'United States of America'".

June 1776
In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence.

17 June 1776, 21 June 1776
This draft of the document did not surface until June 21, 1776, and it is unclear whether it was written before or after Dickinson used the term in his June 17 draft of the Articles of Confederation.

1777
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be 'The United States of America'".

View of St. Augustine FL at intersection of Cathedral Pl and Charlotte St 20160707 1

Reproduced from WIKI

View of St. Augustine FL at intersection of Cathedral Pl and Charlotte St 20160707 1

1777, 1789
In 1777, the Articles of Confederation established a weak government that operated until 1789.

1778
After having arrived in the Hawaiian islands in 1778, Captain Cook sailed north and then northeast to explore the west coast of North America north of the Spanish settlements in Alta California.

January 1778
After his initial landfall in January 1778 at Waimea harbor, Kauai, Cook named the Archipelago the "Sandwich Islands" after the fourth Earl of Sandwich—the acting First Lord of the Admiralty of the British Royal Navy.

March 1778
In March 1778, Cook landed on Bligh Island and named the inlet "King George's Sound".

January 1779
He returned to Hawaii to resupply, initially exploring the coasts of Maui and the big island, trading with locals and then making anchor at Kealakekua Bay in January 1779.

The Mayflower Compact 1620 cph.3g07155

Reproduced from WIKI

The Mayflower Compact 1620 cph.3g07155

1781
Britain recognized the independence of the United States following their defeat at Yorktown in 1781.

1783
The war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power.

1783
In the peace treaty of 1783, American Sovereignty was recognized from the Atlantic coast west to the Mississippi River.

1787, 1788
Nationalists led the Philadelphia Convention of 1787 in writing the United States Constitution, ratified in state conventions in 1788.

1788, 1791
The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties.

Zoffany Death of Captain Cook

Reproduced from WIKI

Zoffany Death of Captain Cook

1789
The federal government was reorganized into three branches, on the principle of creating salutary checks and balances, in 1789.

1791
The Bill of Rights, forbidding federal restriction of personal freedoms and guaranteeing a range of legal protections, was adopted in 1791.

1800, 1848, 1899
The United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, and gradually admitting new states until it spanned the Continent by 1848.

1800, 1899
During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.

1800, 1840
The Second Great Awakening, especially 1800–1840, converted millions to evangelical Protestantism.

Declaration of Independence %281819%29%2C by John Trumbull

Reproduced from WIKI

Declaration of Independence %281819%29%2C by John Trumbull

1800, 1809, 1900, 1909
In the 1800s the average woman had 7.04 children; by the 1900s this number had decreased to 3.56.

1800, 1899, 1900, 1999
The United States has been a leader in technological innovation since the late 19th century and scientific research since the mid-20th century. S.

1800, 1899
War Department by the Federal Armories during the first half of the 19th century.

1800, 1899
S. to have large-scale manufacturing of sewing machines, bicycles and other items in the late 19th century and became known as the American system of manufacturing.

1800, 1899
In the 18th and early 19th centuries, American art and literature took most of its cues from Europe.

American bison in Yellowstone National Park

Reproduced from WIKI

American bison in Yellowstone National Park

1800, 1899
Writers such as Nathaniel Hawthorne, Edgar Allan Poe, and Henry David Thoreau established a distinctive American literary voice by the middle of the 19th century.

1800, 1899
In the visual arts, the Hudson River School was a mid-19th-century movement in the tradition of European naturalism.

1800, 1899
S. national sport since the late 19th century, with Major League Baseball (MLB) being the top league.

1800, 1899
Early versions of the American newspaper comic strip and the American comic book began appearing in the 19th century.

1803
The Louisiana Purchase of French-claimed territory in 1803 almost doubled the nation's area.

Thure de Thulstrup - L. Prang and Co. - Battle of Gettysburg - Restoration by Adam Cuerden %28cropped%29

Reproduced from WIKI

Thure de Thulstrup - L. Prang and Co. - Battle of Gettysburg - Restoration by Adam Cuerden %28cropped%29

1803
Madison (1803) in a decision handed down by Chief Justice John Marshall.

1808, 1820
Although the federal government criminalized the international slave trade in 1808, after 1820, cultivation of the highly profitable cotton crop exploded in the Deep South, and along with it, the slave population.

1812
The War of 1812, declared against Britain over various grievances and fought to a draw, strengthened U.

1819
A series of military incursions into Florida led Spain to cede it and other Gulf Coast territory in 1819.

1820, 1828, 1850, 1854
From 1820 to 1850, Jacksonian democracy began a set of reforms which included wider white male suffrage; it led to the rise of the Second Party System of Democrats and Whigs as the dominant parties from 1828 to 1854.

Ellis island 1902

Reproduced from WIKI

Ellis island 1902

1824, 1854, 1856
Since the general election of 1856, the major parties have been the Democratic Party, founded in 1824, and the Republican Party, founded in 1854.

1830, 1839
The Trail of Tears in the 1830s exemplified the Indian removal policy that resettled Indians into the west on Indian reservations. The U.

1841
Barnum, who began operating a lower Manhattan entertainment complex in 1841.

1845
S. annexed the Republic of Texas in 1845 during a period of expansionist Manifest destiny.

1846
The 1846 Oregon Treaty with Britain led to U.

Liberty-statue-from-below

Reproduced from WIKI

Liberty-statue-from-below

1848
Victory in the Mexican–American War resulted in the 1848 Mexican Cession of California and much of the present-day American Southwest.

1848, 1849
The California Gold Rush of 1848–49 spurred western migration and the creation of additional western states.

1851, 1885
A work seen as capturing fundamental aspects of the national experience and character—such as Herman Melville's Moby-Dick (1851), Twain's The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (1885), F.

1860
With the 1860 election of Abraham Lincoln, the first president from the largely anti-slavery Republican Party, conventions in thirteen slave states ultimately declared secession and formed the Confederate States of America (the "South"), while the federal government (the "Union") maintained that secession was illegal.

1863
Nevertheless, as casualties mounted after 1863 and Lincoln delivered his Emancipation Proclamation, the main purpose of the war from the Union's viewpoint became the abolition of slavery.

Crowd outside nyse

Reproduced from WIKI

Crowd outside nyse

1865
The phrase "United States" was originally plural, a description of a collection of independent states—e.g., "the United States are"—including in the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, ratified in 1865.

April 1865
Indeed, when the Union ultimately won the war in April 1865, each of the states in the defeated South was required to ratify the Thirteenth Amendment, which prohibited slavery. S.

14 April 1865
While President Lincoln attempted to foster friendship and forgiveness between the Union and the former Confederacy, an assassin's bullet on April 14, 1865, drove a wedge between North and South again.

4 July 1865
The Second Continental Congress unanimously adopted the Declaration of Independence on July 4, which recognized, in a long preamble, that all men are created equal and endowed by their Creator with unalienable rights and that those rights were not being protected by Great Britain, and declared, in the words of the resolution, that the thirteen United Colonies formed an independent nation and had no further allegiance to the British crown.

9 September 1865
The Second Continental Congress declared on September 9 "where, heretofore, the words 'United Colonies' have been used, the stile be altered for the future to the 'United States' ".

Trinity Detonation T%26B

Reproduced from WIKI

Trinity Detonation T%26B

1867
Mainland expansion was completed by the purchase of Alaska from Russia in 1867.

1869
In 1869, a new Peace Policy nominally promised to protect Native-Americans from abuses, avoid further war, and secure their eventual U.

1870, 1879
The team of Harrigan and Hart produced a series of popular musical comedies in New York starting in the late 1870s.

1876, 1877
They persisted until the Compromise of 1877 when the Republicans agreed to cease protecting the rights of African Americans in the South in order for Democrats to concede the presidential election of 1876.

1876
In 1876, Alexander Graham Bell was awarded the first U.

Martin Luther King Jr St Paul Campus U MN

Reproduced from WIKI

Martin Luther King Jr St Paul Campus U MN

1890, 1910
From 1890 to 1910, so-called Jim Crow laws disenfranchised most blacks and some poor whites throughout the region.

1893
In 1893, pro-American elements in Hawaii overthrew the monarchy and formed the Republic of Hawaii, which the U.

1894
The world's first commercial motion picture exhibition was given in New York City in 1894, using Thomas Edison's Kinetoscope.

1898
S. annexed in 1898.

1900, 1999
While the Clovis culture was thought, throughout the late 20th century, to represent the first human settlement of the Americas, in recent years consensus has changed in recognition of pre-Clovis cultures.

Reagan and Gorbachev hold discussions

Reproduced from WIKI

Reagan and Gorbachev hold discussions

1900, 1909
Nonetheless, conflicts and state-sanctioned murder, including the California Genocide, continued throughout the West into the 1900s.

1900
American Samoa was acquired by the United States in 1900 after the end of the Second Samoan Civil War. S.

1900, 1999
Rapid economic development during the late 19th and early 20th centuries fostered the rise of many prominent industrialists. P.

1900, 1999, 2000
S. population almost quadrupled during the 20th century, from 76.2 million in 1900 to 281.4 million in 2000.

1900, 1999
Factory electrification in the early 20th century and introduction of the assembly line and other labor-saving techniques created the system called mass production.

OneWorldTradeCenter

Reproduced from WIKI

OneWorldTradeCenter

1900, 1999
In the early 20th century, the automobile companies of Ransom E.

1900, 1999
William Faulkner, Ernest Hemingway and John Steinbeck are often named among the most influential writers of the 20th century.

1900, 1999
In the 20th century, the work of W. V. O.

1900, 1999
In the 20th century, the modern musical form emerged on Broadway; the songs of musical theater composers such as Irving Berlin, Cole Porter, and Stephen Sondheim have become pop standards.

1900, 1999
Choreographers Isadora Duncan and Martha Graham helped create modern dance, while George Balanchine and Jerome Robbins were leaders in 20th-century ballet.

USA-satellite

Reproduced from WIKI

USA-satellite

1900, 1999
Jazz was developed by innovators such as Louis Armstrong and Duke Ellington early in the 20th century.

1900, 1999
Since the early 20th century, the U.

1903
The Wright brothers, in 1903, made the first sustained and controlled heavier-than-air powered flight.

1910, 1919
Although little known at the time, Charles Ives's work of the 1910s established him as the first major U.

1912
Since the Civil War, only one third-party presidential candidate—former president Theodore Roosevelt, running as a Progressive in 1912—has won as much as 20% of the popular vote.

Mount Denali

Reproduced from WIKI

Mount Denali

1913
The 1913 Armory Show in New York City, an exhibition of European modernist art, shocked the public and transformed the U. T.

1914, 1917
The United States remained neutral from the outbreak of World War I, in 1914, until 1917 when it joined the war as an "associated power", alongside the formal Allies of World War I, helping to turn the tide against the Central Powers.

1917
Virgin Islands from Denmark in 1917.

1919
In 1919, President Woodrow Wilson took a leading diplomatic role at the Paris Peace Conference and advocated strongly for the U.

1920
In 1920, the women's rights movement won passage of a constitutional amendment granting women's suffrage.

Bald Eagle Portrait

Reproduced from WIKI

Bald Eagle Portrait

1920, 1929, 1930, 1939
The 1920s and 1930s saw the rise of radio for mass communication and the invention of early television.

1920, 1929, 1930, 1939
The rise of fascism and Nazism in the 1920s and 1930s led many European scientists, including Albert Einstein, Enrico Fermi, and John von Neumann, to immigrate to the United States.

1920, 1929, 1940, 1949
Country music developed in the 1920s, and rhythm and blues in the 1940s.

May 1960, 1925
Scott Fitzgerald's The Great Gatsby (1925) and Harper Lee's To Kill a Mockingbird (1960)—may be dubbed the "Great American Novel". Twelve U.

1929
The prosperity of the Roaring Twenties ended with the Wall Street Crash of 1929 and the onset of the Great Depression.

Luchtfoto van Lower Manhattan

Reproduced from WIKI

Luchtfoto van Lower Manhattan

January 1944, 1929
The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, have been held annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences since 1929, and the Golden Globe Awards have been held annually since January 1944.

1932
After his election as president in 1932, Franklin D.

1936
Playwright Eugene O'Neill won the Nobel literature prize in 1936; other acclaimed U.

1938
In 1938, Superman, the comic book superhero of DC Comics, developed into an American icon.

1939, 1941, 1942, 1946, 1950, 1952, 1954, 1962, 1967, 1972, 1993
Notable films topping the American Film Institute's AFI 100 list include Orson Welles's Citizen Kane (1941), which is frequently cited as the greatest film of all time, Casablanca (1942), The Godfather (1972), Gone with the Wind (1939), Lawrence of Arabia (1962), The Wizard of Oz (1939), The Graduate (1967), On the Waterfront (1954), Schindler's List (1993), Singin' in the Rain (1952), It's a Wonderful Life (1946) and Sunset Boulevard (1950).

LA Skyline Mountains2

Reproduced from WIKI

LA Skyline Mountains2

1940, 1949
The American fast food industry, the world's largest, pioneered the drive-through format in the 1940s.

7 December 1941
On December 7, 1941, the Empire of Japan launched a surprise attack on Pearl Harbor, prompting the United States to join the Allies against the Axis powers.

1945
As an Allied victory was won in Europe, a 1945 international conference held in San Francisco produced the United Nations Charter, which became active after the war.

2 September 1945
The United States developed the first nuclear weapons and used them on Japan in the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki; causing the Japanese to surrender on September 2, ending World War II. The U.

1950, 1953
American troops fought communist Chinese and North Korean forces in the Korean War of 1950–53.

ChicagoFromCellularField

Reproduced from WIKI

ChicagoFromCellularField

1950, 1959
The invention of the transistor in the 1950s, a key active component in practically all modern electronics, led to many technological developments and a significant expansion of the U.

1953, 1954, 2011
S. spending has generally declined in recent decades, from Cold War peaks of 14.2% of GDP in 1953 and 69.5% of federal outlays in 1954 to 4.7% of GDP and 18.8% of federal outlays in 2011.

1957, 2014
In 2014, the murder rate fell to the lowest level (4.5) since 1957 (4.0).

1959
In 1959 Hawaii became the 50th and last U.

1960, 1969
The Great Migration of millions of African Americans out of the American South began before World War I and extended through the 1960s; whereas the Dust Bowl of the mid-1930s impoverished many farming communities and spurred a new wave of western migration.

Downtown Dallas from the Trinity River

Reproduced from WIKI

Downtown Dallas from the Trinity River

1960, 1969
The ARPANET was developed in the 1960s to meet Defense Department requirements, and became the first of a series of networks which evolved into the Internet.

1960, 1969
In the 1960s, Bob Dylan emerged from the folk revival to become one of America's most celebrated songwriters and James Brown led the development of funk.

1960, 1969
The industry enjoyed its golden years, in what is commonly referred to as the "Golden Age of Hollywood", from the early sound period until the early 1960s, with screen actors such as John Wayne and Marilyn Monroe becoming iconic figures.

1961, 1969
The Soviet Union's 1957 launch of the first artificial satellite and its 1961 launch of the first manned spaceflight initiated a "Space Race" in which the United States became the first nation to land a man on the moon in 1969.

1961, 2014
In 2014, Obama announced a restoration of full diplomatic relations with Cuba for the first time since 1961.

MGH Main Entrance

Reproduced from WIKI

MGH Main Entrance

1964
The idea of wilderness has shaped the management of public lands since 1964, with the Wilderness Act.

1965
Mexico has been the leading source of new residents since the 1965 Immigration Act.

1965, 2015
The national clearance rate for homicides in 2015 was 64.1%, compared to 90% in 1965.

1966
Since 1966, more Americans have received the Nobel Prize in Medicine than the rest of the world combined.

1967, 1977
No executions took place from 1967 to 1977, owing in part to a U. S.

University-of-Virginia-Rotunda

Reproduced from WIKI

University-of-Virginia-Rotunda

30 September 2014, February 1970, 1967
NPR was incorporated in February 1970 under the Public Broadcasting Act of 1967; its television counterpart, PBS, was also created by the same legislation. (NPR and PBS are operated separately from each other.) As of September 30, 2014, there are 15,433 licensed full-power radio stations in the U. S.

1968
A combination of court decisions and legislation, culminating in the Civil Rights Act of 1968, sought to end racial discrimination.

1969
During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 Moon landing.

1970, 1979, 1980, 1989
The 1970s and early 1980s saw the onset of stagflation.

1970
Environmental issues have been on the national agenda since 1970.

Capitol Building Full View

Reproduced from WIKI

Capitol Building Full View

1970
The most prominent is the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), created by presidential order in 1970.

1970, 1979, 2017
Since the early 1970s the birth rate has been below the replacement rate of 2.1 with 1.76 children per woman in 2017.

1970, 1979
There has been a widening gap between productivity and median incomes since the 1970s.

1970, 1979
In the 1970s, film directors such as Martin Scorsese, Francis Ford Coppola and Robert Altman were a vital component in what became known as "New Hollywood" or the "Hollywood Renaissance", grittier films influenced by French and Italian realist pictures of the post-war period.

1971, 2014, 2015
In 2015, there were 15,696 murders which was 1,532 more than in 2014, a 10.8% increase, the largest since 1971.

Panorama of United States Supreme Court Building at Dusk

Reproduced from WIKI

Panorama of United States Supreme Court Building at Dusk

1972
Hess stated in 1972: "Our founding fathers were as far superior to our present political leaders in the quality of their food as they were in the quality of their prose and intelligence".

1973
The Endangered Species Act of 1973 is intended to protect threatened and endangered species and their habitats, which are monitored by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service. The U. S.

1973
Wade, a 1973 landmark decision by the Supreme Court of the United States.

1975, 2001
America solely developed or contributed significantly to 9 of the top 10 most important medical innovations since 1975 as ranked by a 2001 poll of physicians, while the European Union and Switzerland together contributed to five.

1976
In 1976, that Court ruled that, under appropriate circumstances, capital punishment may constitutionally be imposed.

Obama meets with Congressional Leadership July 2011

Reproduced from WIKI

Obama meets with Congressional Leadership July 2011

1976, 2011
The rise in the share of total annual income received by the top 1 percent, which has more than doubled from 9 percent in 1976 to 20 percent in 2011, has significantly affected income inequality, leaving the United States with one of the widest income distributions among OECD nations.

1978
The civil airline industry is entirely privately owned and has been largely deregulated since 1978, while

1979
Based on CBO estimates, under 2013 tax law the top 1% will be paying the highest average tax rates since 1979, while other income groups will remain at historic lows. U.

1979
For decades, nuclear power has played a limited role relative to many other developed countries, in part because of public perception in the wake of a 1979 accident.

1980
After his election in 1980, President Ronald Reagan responded to economic stagnation with free-market oriented reforms.

Donald Trump official portrait %28cropped%29

Reproduced from WIKI

Donald Trump official portrait %28cropped%29

1980, 1989, 1991
The late 1980s brought a "thaw" in relations with the USSR, and its collapse in 1991 finally ended the Cold War.

1980, 1989
Polls show that overall American confidence in organized religion has been declining since the mid to late 1980s, and that younger Americans, in particular, are becoming increasingly irreligious.

1980
S. taxation has historically been generally progressive, especially the federal income taxes, though by most measures it became noticeably less progressive after 1980.

1980
In 2012 there were 4.7 murders per 100,000 persons in the United States, a 54% decline from the modern peak of 10.2 in 1980.

1980, 2017
Non-gun murders reached a peak in 1980 of 8,340 and declined in most years until the early 2010's with 4,668 in 2017.

Mike Pence official portrait %28cropped%29

Reproduced from WIKI

Mike Pence official portrait %28cropped%29

1980
The prison population has quadrupled since 1980, and state and local spending on prisons and jails has grown three times as much as that spent on public education during the same period.

1980, 1989
The privatization of prisons and prison services which began in the 1980s has been a subject of debate.

1980, 2014
According to a 2014 report by the Census Bureau, one in five young adults lives in poverty, up from one in seven in 1980.

1980, 1989, 1990, 1999
During the 1980s and 1990s, Americans' caloric intake rose 24%; frequent dining at fast food outlets is associated with what public health officials call the American "obesity epidemic".

1983, 2008
From 1983 to 2008, U.

67%C2%BA Per%C3%ADodo de Sesiones de la Asamblea General de Naciones Unidas %288020913157%29

Reproduced from WIKI

67%C2%BA Per%C3%ADodo de Sesiones de la Asamblea General de Naciones Unidas %288020913157%29

1987, 2007
Increasing obesity in the United States and health improvements elsewhere contributed to lowering the country's rank in life expectancy from 11th in the world in 1987, to 42nd in 2007.

1989, 2002
From 1989 to 2002, four times more money was invested in private biotechnology companies in America than in Europe. The U.

1990
After the Cold War, the conflict in the Middle East triggered a crisis in 1990, when Iraq under Saddam Hussein invaded and attempted to annex Kuwait, an ally of the United States. W.

1990, 1999
S. defense networks, the Internet spread to international academic networks, and then to the public in the 1990s, greatly affecting the global economy, society, and culture.

1990, 1999
Due to the dot-com boom, stable monetary policy under Alan Greenspan, and reduced social welfare spending, the 1990s saw the longest economic expansion in modern U.

thumbnail

Reproduced from WIKI

thumbnail

1990, 2010
S. population to continue its rapid increase with the foreign-born population doubling from almost 20 million in 1990 to over 40 million in 2010, representing one-third of the population increase.

1990, 1999
China, India, and the Philippines have been in the top four sending countries every year since the 1990s.

1990
The survey also reported that 22.8% of Americans described themselves as agnostic, atheist or simply having no religion—up from 8.2% in 1990.

1990
Alzheimer's disease, drug abuse, kidney disease, cancer, and falls caused the most additional years of life lost over their age-adjusted 1990 per-capita rates. U.

1990, 2017
The rate of robberies declined 62% between 1990 and 2017.

Apollo 15 flag%2C rover%2C LM%2C Irwin cropped

Reproduced from WIKI

Apollo 15 flag%2C rover%2C LM%2C Irwin cropped

1991
The end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The U.

1991
The rate has declined by 57% since 1991.

1993, 1999
Gun violence peaked in 1993 with 17,125 gun murders before declining to 9,527 in 1999 and steadily rising since to 12,772.

1994
Beginning in 1994, the U.

1994
In soccer, the country hosted the 1994 FIFA World Cup, the men's national soccer team qualified for ten World Cups and the women's team has won the FIFA Women's World Cup three times; Major League Soccer is the sport's highest league in the United States (featuring 19 American and 3 Canadian teams).

South San Jose %28crop%29

Reproduced from WIKI

South San Jose %28crop%29

1996
The world's second-largest automobile market, the United States has the highest rate of per-capita vehicle ownership in the world, with 765 vehicles per 1,000 Americans (1996).

December 2012, 1997
About 1 in every 35 adult residents in the United States was under some form of correctional supervision in December 2012, the lowest rate observed since 1997.

1998
In 1998, the number of U.

2000, 2010
Between 2000 and 2010, the country's Hispanic population increased 43% while the non-Hispanic population rose just 4.9%.

2000, 2008
The metro areas of San Bernardino, Dallas, Houston, Atlanta, and Phoenix all grew by more than a million people between 2000 and 2008.

UnitedStatesPowerGrid

Reproduced from WIKI

UnitedStatesPowerGrid

2000, 2010
However, ridership on Amtrak, the national intercity passenger rail system, grew by almost 37% between 2000 and 2010.

2001
S. history, ending in 2001.

2001
In 2001, with over 127,000 adoptions, the U.

2001, 2002
In 2001–2, the United States had above-average levels of violent crime and particularly high levels of gun violence compared to other developed nations.

2001
In the aftermath of the 9/11 attacks of 2001, the Transportation Security Administration was created to police airports and commercial airliners.

American 1902 Fourth of July fireworks

Reproduced from WIKI

American 1902 Fourth of July fireworks

11 September 2001
On September 11, 2001, Al-Qaeda terrorists struck the World Trade Center in New York City and the Pentagon near Washington, D.

2003, 2011
In response, the United States launched the War on Terror, which included war in Afghanistan and the 2003–11 Iraq War.

2005
In 2005, 40% of this energy came from petroleum, 23% from coal, and 22% from natural gas.

2006
In 2006, Massachusetts became the first state to mandate universal health insurance.

2006
According to a 2006 British study, Americans gave 1.67% of GDP to charity, more than any other nation studied, more than twice the second place British figure of 0.73%, and around twelve times the French figure of 0.14%.

Motherhood and apple pie

Reproduced from WIKI

Motherhood and apple pie

2007
In 2007, the Bush administration ordered a major troop surge in the Iraq War, which successfully reduced violence and led to greater stability in the region.

2007
Much of this growth is from immigration; in 2007, 12.6% of the U.

2007, 2017
S. fertility rate from 2.08 per woman in 2007 to 1.76 in 2017 was mostly due to the declining birth rate of Hispanics, teenagers, and young women, although the birth rate for older women rose.

2007, 2017
The estimated number of illegal immigrants dropped to 10.7 million in 2017, down from a peak of 12.2 million in 2007.

2007
As of 2007, 58% of Americans age 18 and over were married, 6% were widowed, 10% were divorced, and 25% had never been married. The U.

Roast <a style="color:blue" href="https://www.lahistoriaconmapas.com/timelines/countries/timeline-chronology-Turkey.html">Turkey</a>

Reproduced from WIKI

Roast turkey

2007
Since peaking in the second quarter of 2007, household wealth was down $14 trillion, but has since increased $14 trillion over 2006 levels.

2007
In 2007, several applications for new nuclear plants were filed.

June 2007
Between June 2007 and November 2008 the global recession led to falling asset prices around the world.

2008
Government policy designed to promote affordable housing, widespread failures in corporate and regulatory governance, and historically low interest rates set by the Federal Reserve led to the mid-2000s housing bubble, which culminated with the 2008 financial crisis, the largest economic contraction in the nation's history since the Great Depression.

2008
Barack Obama, the first African-American and multiracial president, was elected in 2008 amid the crisis, and subsequently passed stimulus measures and the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act in an attempt to mitigate its negative effects and ensure there would not be a repeat of the crisis.

Mark Twain%2C Brady-Handy photo portrait%2C Feb 7%2C 1871%2C cropped

Reproduced from WIKI

Mark Twain%2C Brady-Handy photo portrait%2C Feb 7%2C 1871%2C cropped

2008
In 2008, 273 incorporated municipalities had populations over 100,000, nine cities had more than one million residents, and four global cities had over two million (New York, Los Angeles, Chicago, and Houston).

2008
In 2008, the United States spent a net $25.4 billion on official development assistance, the most in the world.

2008
In 2008, the armed forces had 1.4 million personnel on active duty.

2008, 2012
The 2008–2012 global recession significantly affected the United States, with output still below potential according to the Congressional Budget Office.

2008, 2014
At the end of 2014, household debt amounted to $11.8 trillion, down from $13.8 trillion at the end of 2008.

HollywoodSign

Reproduced from WIKI

HollywoodSign

1 January 2008
S., Canada, and Mexico by January 1, 2008.

December 2011, 2009, 2010
American forces in Iraq were withdrawn in large numbers in 2009 and 2010, and the war in the region was declared formally over in December 2011.

2009
In a 2009 Gallup poll, 42% of Americans said that they attended church weekly or almost weekly; the figures ranged from a low of 23% in Vermont to a high of 63% in Mississippi.

2009
The top 10% paid 51.8% of total federal taxes in 2009, and the top 1%, with 13.4% of pre-tax national income, paid 22.3% of federal taxes.

2009
In 2009, the private sector was estimated to constitute 86.4% of the economy, with federal government activity accounting for 4.3% and state and local government activity (including federal transfers) the remaining 9.3%.

Arian Foster fumble

Reproduced from WIKI

Arian Foster fumble

2009
In 2009, the United States had the third-highest workforce productivity per person in the world, behind Luxembourg and Norway.

2009, 2015
The top 1 percent of income-earners accounted for 52 percent of the income gains from 2009 to 2015, where income is defined as market income excluding government transfers.

2009
Since, directors such as Steven Spielberg, George Lucas and James Cameron have gained renown for their blockbuster films, often characterized by high production costs, and in return, high earnings at the box office, with Cameron's Avatar (2009) earning more than $2 billion.

June 2009
Although the recession reached its trough in June 2009, voters remained frustrated with the slow pace of the economic recovery.

2010
In 2010, the Obama administration passed the Affordable Care Act, which made the most sweeping reforms to the nation's healthcare system in nearly five decades, including mandates, subsidies and insurance exchanges.

Trevor Booker Troy Murphy

Reproduced from WIKI

Trevor Booker Troy Murphy

2010, 2014
The Republicans, who stood in opposition to Obama's policies, won control of the House of Representatives with a landslide in 2010 and control of the Senate in 2014.

2010
In 2010, the U.

2010
The census counted more than 19 million people of "Some Other Race" who were "unable to identify with any" of its five official race categories in 2010, over 18.5 million (97%) of whom are of Hispanic ethnicity.

2010
In 2010, about 230 million, or 80% of the population aged five years and older, spoke only English at home.

2010
In 2010, coronary artery disease, lung cancer, stroke, chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases, and traffic accidents caused the most years of life lost in the U. S.

151005-F-ZJ145-361 %2822030960390%29

Reproduced from WIKI

151005-F-ZJ145-361 %2822030960390%29

2010, 2014
Federal legislation passed in early 2010 would ostensibly create a near-universal health insurance system around the country by 2014, though the bill and its ultimate effect are issues of controversy.

2010
S. spends more on education per student than any nation in the world, spending more than $11,000 per elementary student in 2010 and more than $12,000 per high school student.

2010
At the 2010 census, seven states had the minimum of one representative, while California, the most populous state, had 53.

2010
In 2010 taxes collected by federal, state and municipal governments amounted to 24.8% of GDP.

2010
A cross-sectional analysis of the World Health Organization Mortality Database from 2010 showed that United States "homicide rates were 7.0 times higher than in other high-income countries, driven by a gun homicide rate that was 25.2 times higher." Gun ownership rights continue to be the subject of contentious political debate.

Americanbandstand-1

Reproduced from WIKI

Americanbandstand-1

2010
In 2010, the total U.

2010
In 2010, oil was the largest import commodity, while transportation equipment was the country's largest export.

August 2010
In August 2010, the American labor force consisted of 154.1 million people.

2011
The military budget of the United States in 2011 was more than $700 billion, 41% of global military spending and equal to the next 14 largest national military expenditures combined.

2011
In 2011 16.7 million children lived in food-insecure households, about 35% more than 2007 levels, though only 1.1% of U.

December 2011
The last American troops serving in Iraq departed in December 2011; 4,484 service members were killed during the Iraq War.

2012, 2044
Minorities (as defined by the Census Bureau as all those beside non-Hispanic, non-multiracial whites) constituted 37.2% of the population in 2012 and over 50% of children under age one, and are projected to constitute the majority by 2044.

2012
As of 2012, approximately 11.4 million residents are illegal immigrants.

2012
Major categories of FY 2012 spending included: Medicare & Medicaid ($802B or 23% of spending), Social Security ($768B or 22%), Defense Department ($670B or 19%), non-defense discretionary ($615B or 17%), other mandatory ($461B or 13%) and interest ($223B or 6%).

2012
S. defense spending as a percentage of GDP ranked 23rd globally in 2012 according to the CIA.

2012
In 2012, Louisiana had the highest rate of murder and non-negligent manslaughter in the U.

2012
The FBI's Uniform Crime Reports estimates that there were 3,246 violent and property crimes per 100,000 residents in 2012, for a total of over 9 million total crimes.

2012, 2013
However, the imprisonment rate for all prisoners sentenced to more than a year in state or federal facilities is 478 per 100,000 in 2013 and the rate for pre-trial/remand prisoners is 153 per 100,000 residents in 2012.

8 November 2012
S. troops were serving in Afghanistan in April 2012; by November 8, 2013 2,285 had been killed during the War in Afghanistan. S.

December 2012
In December 2012, the combined U.

2013
In a 2013 survey, 56% of Americans said that religion played a "very important role in their lives", a far higher figure than that of any other wealthy nation.

2013
In 2013, the highest teenage birth rate was in Alabama, and the lowest in Wyoming.

2013
In 2013, the average age at first birth was 26 and 40.6% of births were to unmarried women.

May 2013
As of 2013, 83.8% of American households owned at least one computer, and 73.3% had high-speed Internet service. 91% of Americans also own a mobile phone as of May 2013.

2013
The United States had the 6th highest median per capita income among all countries in 2013. S.

March 2013
S. number one for food affordability and overall food security in March 2013.

2014
According to a 2014 survey, 70.6% of adults in the United States identified themselves as Christians; Protestants accounted for 46.5%, while Roman Catholics, at 20.8%, formed the largest single denomination.

2014
In 2014, 5.9% of the U.

2014
The total national debt of the United States in the United States was $18.527 trillion (106% of the GDP) in 2014.

2014, 2017
The violent crime rate increased by 5.9% between 2014 and 2017 and the murder rate by 20.5%.

2014
S. is estimated to be $17.528 trillion as of 2014.

January 2014
S. in January 2014, with almost two-thirds staying in an emergency shelter or transitional housing program.

2015
The foreign-born population reached 45 million in 2015.

2015
According to a 2015 survey, the largest American community with European ancestry is German Americans, which consists of more than 14% of total population.

2015
As of 2015, 47% of all immigrants are Hispanic, 26% are Asian, 18% are white and 8% are black.

2015, 2016
Payroll taxes for Social Security are a flat regressive tax, with no tax charged on income above $118,500 (for 2015 and 2016) and no tax at all paid on unearned income from things such as stocks and capital gains.

2015
The murder rate in 2015 was 4.9 per 100,000 people.

2015
In 2015, the country had the fifth-highest number of executions in the world, following China, Iran, Pakistan and Saudi Arabia.

2015
S. economy in 2015.

2016
The law caused a significant reduction in the number and percentage of people without health insurance, with 24 million covered during 2016, but remains controversial due to its impact on healthcare costs, insurance premiums, and economic performance.

2016
In the United States presidential election of 2016, Republican Donald Trump was elected as the 45th president of the United States.

2016
In fiscal year 2016, over one million immigrants (most of whom entered through family reunification) were granted legal residence.

2016
The total fertility rate (TFR) in 2016 was 1.82 births per 1000 woman.

2016
Suicide rates have increased in nearly every state from 1999 through 2016, and is a leading cause of death in the United States.

2016
For 2016, the U.

2016
Republican Donald Trump, the winner of the 2016 presidential election, is serving as the 45th President of the United States.

2016
In 2016, the US murder rate of 5.4 per 100,000 was similar to the estimated global average of 5.15 per 100,000.

2016
After years of stagnant growth, in 2016, according to the Census, median household income reached a record high after two consecutive years of record growth, although income inequality remains at record highs with top fifth of earners taking home more than half of all overall income.

September 2017, 2016
According to a September 2017 report by the Federal Reserve, the top 1% controlled 38.6% of the country's wealth in 2016.

2016
In 2016, 13.3 million children were living in poverty, which made up 32.6% of the impoverished population.

2016
S. citizens have won the Nobel Prize in Literature, most recently Bob Dylan in 2016.

5 May 2016
Among the DC mayor and the 5 territorial governors, there are 2 Republicans, 1 Democrat, 1 New Progressive, and 2 Independents.

2017
In 2017, 33,000 refugees were resettled in the United States.

2017
A 2017 Gallup poll concluded that 4.5% of adult Americans identified as LGBT with 5.1% of women identifying as LGBT, compared with 3.9% of men.

2017
The United States had a life expectancy of 78.6 years at birth in 2017, which was the third year of declines in life expectancy following decades of continuous increase.

2017
In 2017, 12.2% of the population did not carry health insurance.

2017
In 2017, there were 17,264 murders and the murder rate was 5.3 per 100,000.

2017
Of those arrested for serious violent crimes in 2017, 58.5% were white, 37.5% were black, 2.1% were American Indian or Alaska Native and 1.5% Asian.

2017
Census Bureau, median household income was $61,372 in 2017.

2017
The United States ranked 21st in median wealth per adult in 2017.

2017
In 2017, the region with the lowest poverty rate was New Hampshire (7.3%), and the region with the highest poverty rate was American Samoa (65%).

2017
In 2017, there were 255,009,283 motor vehicles—including cars, vans, buses, freight, and other trucks, but excluding motorcycles and other two-wheelers—or 910 vehicles per 1,000 people.

2017
As of 2017, the United States has won 2,522 medals at the Summer Olympic Games, more than any other country, and 305 in the Winter Olympic Games, the second most behind Norway.

September 2017
As of September 2017, 40 million people, roughly 12.7% of the U.

25 October 2017
On October 25, 2017, Vice President Mike Pence announced at a In Defense of Christians annual dinner meeting in Washington that the United States would stop funding United Nations relief efforts, cases tackling the persecution of Christians in the Middle East, but insisted that the U.

2018
As of 2018, student loan debt exceeded 1.5 trillion dollars, more than Americans owe on credit cards. S.

2018
In 2018, Oklahoma had the highest incarceration rate (1,079 per 100,000 people), and Massachusetts the lowest (324 per 100,000 people). S.

May 2018
S. withdrew from the deal in May 2018.

1 July 2018
Census Bureau estimated the country's population to be 327,167,434 as of July 1, 2018, and to be adding 1 person (net gain) every 13 seconds, or about 6,646 people per day. The U.

2028
Eight Olympic Games have taken place in the United States (2028 Summer Olympics will mark the ninth time).

7076
Energy consumption per capita is 7.8 tons (7076 kg) of oil equivalent per year, the 10th-highest rate in the world.